Retiring in Portugal: Guide to Costs, Benefits & Process

When you are approaching your “Golden Years”, the thought of spending those years in the sun, without a care in the world, makes all those years of working worthwhile. But, if Florida or Arizona aren’t quite your style, you may consider something a little more interesting – Portugal.

Retiring in Portugal offers an irresistible combination of a warm climate, cost-effective living, and friendly visa policies. Critical for would-be expats, the country provides excellent healthcare and an enriching social life, all wrapped up in a rich cultural tapestry. You’ll learn about the efficient residency options, including the sought-after Golden Visa, what financial benefits await, and how to find a home and lifestyle that fits your budget and lifestyle. Begin your journey to an enchanting retirement in Portugal with us!

Key Takeaways

  • Portugal offers retirees of all backgrounds affordable living, quality healthcare, and diverse lifestyles from beach relaxation to city life. The opportunity for visa residency via the D7 or Golden Visa programs is also available.
  • The concern for healthcare grows as you get older, and the healthcare system in Portugal is comprehensive and accessible, with options for both EU and non-EU citizens; plus, the cost of living is favorable with a range of housing options for various budgets.
  • Cultural integration, leisure activities, financial benefits like the NHR tax status, and legal matters such as wills and inheritance are well-supported, enhancing the overall retirement experience in many areas of Portugal.

Why Retire in Portugal?

Many people have spent their entire working lives dreaming of the day they will retire, but few will think “outside the box” and dream of a retirement overseas. But, a retirement abroad often conjures images of sun-soaked landscapes, leisurely lifestyles, and cultures waiting to be explored.

Although not everyone wants to spend their latter years on the beach or enjoying outdoor cafes, those who do often choose Portugal. This European country checks all these boxes and more. A member of the European Union, Portugal offers an affordable cost of living, a high quality of life, an excellent healthcare system, and diverse lifestyle options. From the sunny beaches of southern Portugal to the many beautiful and challenging golf courses, Portugal offers a variety of lifestyle options that cater to diverse preferences. Of course, other European countries provide similar opportunities for retirees seeking a new adventure, but there is just something special about Portugal.

Portugal stands out among other European capital cities in terms of affordability. The living costs in Portugal are significantly lower compared to cities like Paris, Berlin, or London. For example, they are 34% lower than in Paris and 32% cheaper than in Berlin. In your retirement years, you don’t want to find yourself unnecessarily stressing your fixed income, so choosing a country that is affordable is essential for most.

This financial advantage allows retirees to stretch their retirement savings further and enjoy a comfortable life for $1,500 to $2,000 a month. Even if you are relying only on Social Security benefits, it is amazing to learn that you can lead a comfortable life in Portugal with careful budgeting. Add to this the attractive residency options like the Portugal Golden Visa program. This program requires an investment in the country, and Portugal becomes a haven for retirees seeking an affordable yet high-quality life.

Retirement Visa Options for Portugal

Retirement Visa Options for Portugal Retiring in Portugal

The first step towards retiring in Portugal is going to be getting your hands on a Visa. Fortunately, the Portuguese government has streamlined this process, offering two distinct pathways that allow retirees to enjoy the same benefits as Portuguese citizens. These pathways are the D7 Visa and the Golden Visa program.

The D7 Visa is a popular choice among U.S. citizens and requires applicants to demonstrate their ability to sustain themselves with a passive income of at least €760 per month during their retirement in Portugal. On the other hand, the Golden Visa program offers residency through various types of investments in Portugal, such as real estate purchases, capital transfers, or job creation. This is a process that is going to take a fair amount of work on your part, but one that can lead to a pretty luxurious retirement overseas.

Before your move, you will want to talk to your tax advisor to ensure that all of your ducks are in a row. In addition, the process for obtaining a retirement visa usually takes around four months, providing ample time to prepare for your exciting move. After this period, an additional two months are typically needed to secure residency and receive a residence permit card. This smooth transition allows you to embark on your Portuguese life adventure without unnecessary delays or complications.

Let’s further explore these visa options.

D7 Visa Requirements and Process

It goes without saying that if you don’t speak Portuguese, you are going to want a native speaker to help you along the way. The first steps in getting the D7 Visa application involve obtaining a NIF number, opening a bank account, securing housing, and applying for the visa at a Portuguese consulate. To open a bank account, you will need several documents, including a taxpayer number (NIF), a passport, and proof of the funds’ legal origin. These documents are necessary for the account opening process. These basic requirements set the stage for you to start your dream life in Portugal and you should expect to spend several months doing this.

Retirees applying for a D7 Visa have the exciting opportunity to choose to either rent or buy properties in Portugal. For many, renting an abode is going to be the best option. This will enable you to learn more about the regions and determine where you really want to live. Various options are accessible remotely or through a visit to Portugal. Additionally, you can explore private insurance options to ensure they have adequate healthcare coverage during their stay. Once the visa is secured, the permit card typically arrives at your registered Portuguese address within one or two months.

Golden Visa Program

The Golden Visa Program provides remarkable opportunities for securing residency and even potential citizenship through investments in Portugal. If you envision a permanent retirement in Portugal, then this will be the one for you. The benefits of this program are numerous, including:

  • Waiver for visa requirement when entering the country
  • Visa-free traveling within the Schengen area
  • One-year residence permit initially
  • The potential for Portuguese citizenship after five years

The minimum investment amount required for the Golden Visa Program is generally €500,000, but this can be discounted to €400,000 or €280,000 if the investment is made in a low-density area. The Portuguese government considers this a great way for you to contribute to the local economy while securing your residency status. When applying for the Golden Visa, you’ll need to gather specific documents. The specific list of required documents can vary, but lawyers from Immigrant Invest offer an individualized list of the documents needed to apply for a residence permit through the Golden Visa Program.

Healthcare for Retirees in Portugal

When considering a retirement destination, healthcare is obviously a concern for everyone. Healthcare in much of the EU works very differently than in the United States, and you can rest assured that your healthcare needs will be met. Portugal’s healthcare system offers the following benefits:

  • EU citizens have free public healthcare access
  • Non-EU citizens are encouraged to secure private health insurance until they are registered with the Portuguese healthcare system
  • Portugal’s healthcare boasts excellent quality and is accessible through both public and private systems, ensuring retirees receive high standards of seamless medical care.

For those who are EU citizens, the S1 form is a very valuable certificate that enables retirees in Portugal to access healthcare for free, providing them with peace of mind and security. It is issued by the pension service in one’s home country, making it easily accessible for those who need it, especially when moving between EU countries.

Let’s take a look at some of the specifics of public and private healthcare systems in Portugal.

Public Healthcare System (SNS)

Portugal’s Public Healthcare System (SNS) provides a comprehensive range of services, from regular doctor visits and maternity care to select dental treatments, ensuring residents have extensive health coverage. The structure of Portugal’s Public Healthcare System (SNS) is truly impressive. It consists of the National Health Service (Servico Nacional de Saúde), occupation-based social health insurance, and voluntary private health insurance, all working together to provide exceptional health services to the population. Even without voluntary private insurance, you will still have access to high-quality healthcare.

While the public healthcare system does a great job of providing comprehensive care, it’s worth noting that waiting times can be longer compared to the private healthcare system. But don’t worry, there’s always the option of private health insurance to ensure faster access to medical services.

Private Health Insurance

Private health insurance in Portugal is shockingly affordable, with plans that can cost as little as €4 per month for individuals younger than 55. However, it’s important to note that age restrictions apply, and most insurers do not offer services to people over the age of 70. Some of the top private health insurance providers in Portugal include:

  • Cigna Global
  • GeoBlue
  • AXA
  • Allianz
  • Mgen
  • Mapfre
  • Medis
  • Multicare
  • Médis
  • AdvanceCare
  • Bupa Global
  • Blue Cross Blue Shield Global

Unlike private health insurance in the United States, private health insurance in Portugal typically covers the full costs. Whether you are seeing your regular doctor, a specialist or require hospital treatments, you will be provided with faster access to medical services and many English-speaking doctors. So, while you’re enjoying your retirement in Portugal, you can rest assured that your health needs will be taken care of promptly, efficiently, and affordably.

Cost of Living and Housing in Portugal

Cost of Living and Housing in Portugal

The largest expense for most retirees is going to be housing. The good news is that Portugal offers a diverse range of housing options, with property prices and rental costs varying depending on location, size, and amenities. The average house price per square meter in Portugal is €2,266, and it’s fascinating to see how prices can vary significantly by region. For instance, the average price in the Algarve is €2,527 per square meter, while in the Braga district, it’s much lower at €1,185 per square meter as of September 2021.

In terms of living expenses, retirees living in smaller towns in Portugal can enjoy a comfortable lifestyle. If you are on a fixed income and need to keep your expenses low, then you will be pretty excited to hear that expenses in small towns range, on average, from €1,400 to €1,800 per month. In comparison, retirees can live comfortably in Lisbon with expenses ranging from €1,750 to €2,000 per month, while in the Algarve, the cost is significantly lower at €1,100 to €1,500 a month. Let’s dissect the costs involved in property purchases and rentals in Portugal.

Property Prices and Renting

When it comes to property prices and renting, Portugal offers a wide range of options to fit different budgets. In Lisbon, the average rental prices range from around €600-700 for a 1-bedroom apartment in the city center to €2,005 for a higher-end one-bedroom flat. In the Algarve, rental prices start from around €300 for a basic 1 or 2-bedroom apartment.

Renting a property is not quite as easy or quick as it is back home, so make sure to plan ahead. Renting a property in Portugal as a retiree is an exciting opportunity that may take up to three months. You’ll need to have a valid passport or other form of ID ready and be prepared to pay at least three months’ rent upfront, along with a security deposit.

Alternatively, if you’re contemplating buying property, the average cost of an apartment in Lisbon stands at €3,414 per square meter, showcasing the promising investment opportunities in Portugal’s prime locations. If you’re looking to buy property in Portugal, what else do you need to know?

Buying Property in Portugal

Whether you are looking for a small apartment or a sprawling villa, buying property in Portugal can be a good investment, with diverse options available at different price points. There are no restrictions for foreigners who want to buy a home in Portugal, making it an accessible and attractive option for those looking to invest in the Portuguese real estate market.

Buying property in Portugal involves several considerations including the IMT tax, IMI (local property tax), and Stamp Duty Tax. Additional costs beyond the purchase price include property taxes and fees typically around 10% of the purchase price, local council taxes, community fees, utilities, insurance, and maintenance costs. All the same fees and taxes you would have back home will be required in some form in Portugal.

So, whether you choose to rent or buy your home, Portugal offers a myriad of housing options to suit your preferences and budget.

Best Places to Retire in Portugal

Best Places to Retire in Portugal

What are the top retirement destinations in Portugal? Some of the most amazing retirement destinations in Portugal include:

  • Lisbon – The capital of Portugal with a population of about a half million people
  • Porto – The second largest city of Portugal, and the home of port wine.
  • Algarve – A beautiful tourist area on the south coast.
  • Cascais – On the Portuguese Riviera, and home to 17 beaches
  • Madeira – An archipelago of 4 islands off the coast of Portugal

Each of these destinations offers its own unique attractions and lifestyle options, making Portugal a versatile retirement destination that caters to a variety of tastes and preferences.

For those who are looking for a more authentic Portuguese experience, consider the less-developed but equally enchanting regions of the Silver Coast or the central region of Portugal. They offer a slower pace of life and a deeper immersion into Portuguese culture. Whether you prefer the bustling city life of Lisbon or Porto, the sunny beaches of the Algarve, the cosmopolitan charm of Cascais, or the unique island lifestyle of Madeira, Portugal has something to offer every retiree.

Taxes and Financial Considerations for Retirees in Portugal

Financial planning plays a pivotal role in retirement preparation. For those looking to retire overseas, understanding tax implications in your retirement destination is essential. In Portugal, retirees have the opportunity to benefit from reduced tax rates and exemptions by applying for Non-Habitual Resident status, allowing them to enjoy a favorable tax environment on their global income.

Tax residency in Portugal is established by spending more than 183 days in the country in a tax year, with tax residents being taxed on their worldwide income. Foreign pensions are taxed at a preferential flat rate of 10% for those with NHR status, while income generated from work in certain fields in Portugal will be taxed at a flat rate of 20%.

US citizens have the opportunity to explore the tax implications and consider the benefits of NHR eligibility, while also being able to pay taxes and contribute to the US government through taxes on their global income if they meet the minimum income thresholds. This can be complicated for those with multiple pensions and Social Security, so getting advice ahead of time is essential.

Social Life and Activities for Retirees in Portugal

Retirement offers the perfect opportunity to indulge in your favorite activities and experiment with new ones. Portugal offers a wide variety of social and recreational activities for retirees, including:

  • Kite surfing
  • Paragliding
  • Off-road trekking
  • Jet-skiing in the Algarve
  • Sailing
  • Surfing
  • Wakeboarding
  • Windsurfing
  • Scuba diving
  • Standup paddle
  • Kitesurfing
  • Snorkeling
  • Kayaking

There’s something for every adventurer.

For golf enthusiasts, Portugal is an absolute paradise. Renowned golf courses like Quinta do Lago South, Vale do Lobo Royal, and San Lorenzo Golf Course located in the Algarve region offer a dream come true experience for golfers. Many retirees who are just learning golf find that the golf community is welcoming and a great way to meet other expats.

For those seeking a social network, joining expat clubs and organizations such as the Americans in Portugal Expat Group can provide camaraderie and support as you transition into your new life in Portugal and learn the ropes.

Language and Cultural Adaptation

While most of us have a fairly basic understanding of Spanish, that isn’t going to help you in Portugal. Portuguese is very different and taking the time to get a basic understanding of speaking, understanding, and reading will be beneficial. Like every other country, Portugal has its unique culture and customs. Learning the Portuguese language can greatly enhance the retirement experience, helping retirees integrate into their new community and leading to a full and rewarding life in Portugal. Numerous resources, such as senior language courses and online learning apps like PortuguesePod101, are available to assist you in learning Portuguese.

Portugal’s culture is rich and diverse, including:

  • Traditional folk music, Fado
  • Delicious cuisine and world-renowned wines
  • A society that values relationships over punctuality
  • A greater emphasis on religious values compared to other Western European nations

So, while you’re enjoying your retirement in Portugal, take the time to learn the language and immerse yourself in the local culture. It will surely enrich your retirement experience and enable you to make new friends.

Legal Matters: Wills and Inheritance in Portugal

Understanding local laws, particularly those related to wills and inheritance, is crucial when retiring in a foreign country. In Portugal, the following laws apply:

  • In most cases, wills drawn up abroad are recognized, but it can be wise to consider having a Portuguese will as a safeguard, especially if you have substantial assets in Portugal.
  • Portugal’s inheritance laws ensure fair treatment for legitimate heirs, entitling them to at least 50% of the deceased’s wealth.
  • With multiple legitimate heirs, the entitlement can increase to 60% of the deceased’s wealth.

In Portugal, residents can benefit from the following:

  • No inheritance tax on real estate property
  • A stamp duty at a flat rate of 10%, but spouses, descendants, and ascendants are exempt from this stamp duty
  • You are not legally required to draft a will, regardless of whether your estate is governed by Portuguese law or your native country’s laws


For future or present retirees, Portugal offers an appealing blend of affordability, high quality of life, excellent healthcare, and diverse lifestyle options. These make it an attractive retirement destination for almost everyone. Whether you prefer the bustling city life of Lisbon or Porto, the sunny beaches of the Algarve, or the unique island lifestyle of Madeira, Portugal has something to offer every retiree.

With Portugal’s streamlined visa options, comprehensive healthcare system, and favorable tax environment, this unique country provides a safe and welcoming environment for retirees. As you embark on your retirement journey to Portugal, remember to embrace the language and culture, engage with the local community, and explore the beautiful landscapes and historical sites that make Portugal so unique.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much money do you need to retire comfortably in Portugal?

In most cases, you can comfortably retire in Portugal with an income between $1,500 – $2,000 per month, and for some, the Social Security benefit alone is enough to cover the costs of living. If you choose to live in a large city or have a more robust lifestyle, then a larger income would be advisable.

Can I retire in Portugal as a US citizen?

Yes, as a US citizen, you can retire in Portugal by applying for residency. This requires providing documents such as your passport, proof of income, and health insurance. The process is straightforward, but it may take some time.

What are the downsides of retiring in Portugal?

Perhaps the best way to get an idea of the potential downsides of retiring in Portugal is to spend some time there. You will probably find that the quality of housing is not what you are used to, but that is certainly offset by the reduced costs. While retiring in Portugal has many advantages, it’s important to consider potential downsides such as bureaucracy, language barriers, and the challenge of integrating into Portuguese culture. Keep these factors in mind when planning your retirement.

Does Portugal tax US retirement income?

No, Portugal does not tax US retirement income. Foreign pension payments, including IRA and 401k withdrawals, are subject to a 10% tax rate. There is also no tax on dividends and interest payments from foreign investments, which can be very helpful for higher-income retirees.

What are the main reasons to consider retiring in Portugal?

The main reason to retire in Portugal should be because you are fulfilling a dream – a dream of nice weather, good food and wine, history, culture, and the excitement of a new lifestyle. Consider retiring in Portugal for its affordable cost of living, high quality of life, excellent healthcare system, diverse lifestyle options, favorable tax environment, and streamlined visa options for retirees. It’s a great choice for a relaxed and enjoyable retirement for almost anyone.

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